Wednesday, October 20, 2010


kanchan athalye | Wednesday, October 20, 2010 | Best Blogger Tips
Shripad Narayan Pendse (January 5, 1913 - March 24, 2007) was a writer of several Marathi novels. He hailed from Maharashtra, India.His novel Rathachakra received a Sahitya Akademi Award in 1963.His novel Garambacha Bapu was translated in 1969 into English with the title Wild Bapu of Garambi as a part of the UNESCO Collection of Representative Works, which had been organized with Sahitya Akademi collaboration.Haddapar and Tumbadche Khot are Pendse's other two popular novels.

Sir Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh, (14 January 1896 - October 2, 1982), better known as C. D. Deshmukh, was the first Indian to be appointed as the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India in 1943 by the British Raj authorities. He subsequently served as the Finance Minister in the Union Cabinet (1950 -1956).Deshmukh received his education at Jesus College, Cambridge, England in the field of Natural Sciences. He was married to freedom fighter and activist, Durgabai Deshmukh.

Sir Raghunath Purushottam Paranjpe (16 February 1876 – 6 May 1966) was the first Indian to achieve the coveted title of Senior Wrangler at the University of Cambridge, and became a university administrator and Indian ambassador.

Mangesh Keshav Padgaonkar  A Marathi poet from Maharashtra, India.He was born on March 10, 1929 in Vengurla, Sindhudurg District in Maharashtra. He received a Master of Arts degree in Marathi and Sanskrit from the University of Bombay, He taught Marathi at Ruia College for some years, and then during the 1970 -1990 period served as an editor at the U.S. Information Service, both in Mumbai.Padgaonkar has forty publications to his credit. The U.S. Library of Congress has acquired thirty-one of his publications.Padgaonkar has received several awards including the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1980 for his collection of poems Salam, the M.P. Literary Conference Award in 1956, and the Maharashtra State Award in 1953 &1955.

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 — 6 December 1956), also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian nationalist, jurist, Dalit, political leader, activist, philosopher, thinker, anthropologist, historian, orator, prolific writer, economist, scholar, editor, revolutionary and the revivalist of Buddhism in India. He was also the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. Born into a poor Untouchable family, Ambedkar spent his whole life fighting against social discrimination, the system of Chaturvarna — the Hindu categorization of human society into four varnas — and the Indian caste system. He is also credited with having sparked the Dalit Buddhist movement. Ambedkar has been honoured with the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award.
Overcoming numerous social and financial obstacles, Ambedkar became one of the first "untouchables" to obtain a college education in India. Eventually earning law degrees and multiple doctorates for his study and research in law, economics and political science from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, Ambedkar returned home a famous scholar and practiced law for a few years before publishing journals advocating political rights and social freedom for India's untouchables. He has been given the degree of Bodhisattva by Indian Buddhist Bhikkues.

Maharshi Dr. Dhondo Keshav Karve (April 18, 1858 - November 9, 1962) was a preeminent social reformer of his time in India in the field of women's welfare.
Karve was one of the pioneers of promoting women's education and the right for widows to remarry in India. The Government of India recognized his reform work by awarding him its highest civilian award, Bhārat Ratna, in 1958 (Incidentally his centennial year).
The appellation Maharshi, which the Indian public often assigned to Karve, means ”a great sage”. Those who knew Karve affectionately called him as Annā Karve. (In Marāthi-speaking community, to which Karve belonged, the appellation Annā is often used to address either one's father or an elder brother.)

Gopal Krishna Gokhale (May 9, 1866 - February 19, 1915) was one of the founding social and political leaders during the Indian Independence Movement against the British Empire in India. Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and founder of the Servants of India Society. Through the Society as well as the Congress and other legislative bodies he served in, Gokhale promoted not only or even primarily independence from the British Empire but also social reform. To achieve his goals, Gokhale followed two overarching principles: avoidance of violence and reform within existing government institutions.

Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane (1880-1972) was a notable Indologist and Sanskrit scholar. He was born in a conservative Chitpavan Brahmin family in the Ratnagiri district in Maharashtra, India. Eminent Historian Professor R.S. Sharma writes of him in the following words: "Pandurang Vaman Kane, a great Sanskritist wedded to social reform, continued the earlier tradition of scholarship. His monumental work entitled the "History of the Dharmasastra", published in five volumes in the twentieth century, is an encyclopedia of ancient social laws and customs. This enables us to study the social processes in ancient India.

Kanhoji Angre (? – June 4, 1729) was the first notable chief of the Maratha Navy in 18th century India. He fought successfully all his life against the British, Dutch and Portuguese naval interests in the Indian Ocean during the eighteenth century, and hence was alleged by them to be a pirate. Similar work was carried out against the colonial powers by the Kunjali Marakkars in the sixteenth century. Despite the attempts of the British and Portuguese to subdue Angre, he remained undefeated until his death.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak 23 July 1856–1 August 1920 (aged 64), was an Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer and independence fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities derogatorily called him the "Father of the Indian unrest". He was also conferred upon the honorary title of "Lokmanya", which literally means "Accepted by the people (as their leader)". Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of "Swaraj" (self-rule) in Indian consciousness. His famous quote, "Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it !" is well-remembered in India even today.

Govind Vinayak Karandikar (born August 23, 1918), better known as Vindā Karandikar, is a well-known Marathi writer. In 2003, he was presented with the Jnanpith Award, which is India's one of the most prestigious literary awards. He has also received for his literary work some other awards, including Keshavasut Prize, Soviet Land Nehru Literary Award, Kabir Samman, and India's highest literary award, for lifetime achievement, the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1996 Besides having been a prominent Marathi poet, Karandikar has contributed to Marathi literature as an essayist, a critic, and a translator.
Experimentation has been a feature of Karandikar's Marathi poems. He has written some poetry in English, this poetry having been published as "Vinda Poems" (1975).
Karandikar translated Aristotle's Poetics into Marathi, and some of his own Marathi poems into English. He wrote modern versions of some old Marathi literature, including Dnyaneshwari and Amrutānubhawa.
Karandikar's writings include Shwetagangā (1949), Mrudgandha (1954), Dhrupad (1959), Jātak, and Vrupika. He poems for children include Rānichā Bāg, Sashyāche Kān, and Pari Ga Pari".
Karandikar is the third Marathi writer to have won the Jnanpith award, after Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar (1974) and Vishnü Vāman Shirwādkar (Kusumagraj) (1987).

Vinayak Narahari Bhave (September 11, 1885 - November 15 1982) often called Acharya (In Sanskrit means teacher), was an Indian advocate of Nonviolence and human rights. He is considered as a National Teacher of India and the spiritual successor of Mahatma Gandhi.


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